The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.   Later in December 2015, Prime Minister Modi made history by making a surprise stopover in Lahore on December 25 for a meeting with President Sharif, during the first visit by an Indian prime minister to Pakistan in more than 10 years. Modi also attended the wedding of President Sharif`s granddaughter in Raiwind. Given the situation that required an agreement between the Indian and Pakistani leaders, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Pakistani president was invited to a summit in Simla during the last week of June 1972. The summit was to lead to a peace treaty that was to lead to the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners of war after the 1971 war.
As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. In 2001, then-Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf visited India on 14 and 16 July for a historic two-day summit in Agra at the invitation of Prime Minister Vajpayeee. However, the talks failed and no text of agreement could be found. The two ministers invoked the 1972 Shimla Agreement and said that bilateral issues could only be resolved with his help — and nothing else. On July 2, 1972, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signed the shimla agreement with then-Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. What exactly are these pacts and why are they important? The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. U.S. President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute – between India and Pakistan – has again highlighted the 1972 Shimla agreement.
The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India. That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries were willing to engage in dialogue through press releases and discussions began. Finally, it was agreed that talks between Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi would begin on 28 June 1972.