Search: “inverted U hypothesis” in Oxford Reference “On the other hand, it may be in everyone`s interest to shorten certain deadlines, increase important objectives or add responsibilities – but only with clear communication and agreement. Even beginners tend to rely heavily on cues and signals inside the environment to execute the right skills in the right situations at the right time. However, if the excitement increases their concentration on the essential indices and the signal decreases and they will lose concentration and will not be able to respond to the right indications. As a result, beginners generally perform better with lower arousal levels than an expert would need. For a while, a new task will probably be a sufficient challenge. Later, when it starts to feel too easy, some form of extra pressure might be needed to help the person regain his or her role. On the other hand, people who criticize or question themselves are probably distracted by their own conversation, which can lead them to lose their concentration in more difficult situations. Imagine Trait`s fear as a person`s level of “self-conversation.” People who are confident are more likely to be under pressure. This is because their conversation is under control, which means they can stay “fluid,” and they can focus entirely on the situation. In addition, the optimal arousal level may also vary with respect to the skill performed. Sports involving large muscle groups or coarse abilities such as weightlifting may benefit from a higher level of arousal, while activities involving finer skills and high coordination, such as archery or gymnastics, may benefit from a lower level of excitement.
The reverse U hypothesis suggests that optimal performance occurs at an average arousal level, while low and high arousal levels lead to lower performance. This proposal is based on the Yerkes-Dodson Act (named after the researchers who discovered it) which predicts a U-shaped reverse function between arousal and power (Yerkes, Dodson, 1908). The assumption that performance improves with increasing excitement to an optimal point, beyond which further increases in arousal produce a negative effect on performance. As a result, athletes may have poor results because they are excessively or under-stimulated. The hypothesis is qualitative and does not seek to quantify the relationship between arousal and performance. The Optima varies between the people who perform the same task and a person who performs different tasks. A basic hypothesis in the hypothesis is that arousal is one-dimensional and therefore there is a very close correlation between arousal indicators; That is not the case. See also the theory of disasters. From: inverted-U Hypothesis in the Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science – Medicine “In addition to what the Inverted U hypothesis predicts, it is important to keep in mind that beginners generally need greater attention to performance, while an expert can perform the same ability more or less automatically. If the beginner has a high degree of excitement, he/she may be distracted and tends not to give the same attention to ability. The result is a deterioration in performance.
Although not directly addressed in the theory of inverted U, it is important to remember that people can experience different forms of personal pressure (for example. B, their family life or underlying concerns about their role or organization).