2) If the selection appears after the verb, the agreement is made with the nearest element or in the plural if one of the options is in the plural: Ganaréis / Ganarás tú o tus amigos. Ganaréis/Ganarán tus amigos o tú. Ganará Juan o Pepe. In this position, the singular is often preferred for several singular options. If the decisions are clearly individual and mutually exclusive, the verb in the singular corresponds: ¿Esto te lo dijo tu padre o tu madre? 1. If we have only one subject, the verb in number and in person corresponds to it. In the following sentences, the subject is in bold. When a verb is conjugated, the infinitivation, in this case –ar, is removed and a series of endings, each corresponding to one of the six boxes, is placed at the end. This correspondence is what the subject-verb correspondence is.
Here is the verb hablar, conjugated in the present. If you click on each of them, you can hear how to pronounce it: so I would say in my limited grammatical study that if you separate the phrase “o alguien que usted nombre” with commas, the verb Poder should be singular. If the sentence is not separated, it must be in the plural. 3) In general, when the selection appears before the verb, the verb tends to be plural, but not always (see next point). Grammatically, subjects perform an action. In Spanish, subjects can be singular or plural. Subjects are either names, they are names, labels, if you will, that identify a person, for example, John, he, I, she, she, you. A subject does not need to be human. It could be an animal, like a rover, a dog, an elephant. It could be a plant, as in the rose. It could be one thing, like a corkscrew or a moan.
It could even be an abstraction like love or envy. Therefore, all nouns have the right to be the grammatical subject of a sentence. Here are some of the above examples used as grammatical topics: 1. tú/contratar 2. el/emplear 3. ellas/alquilar 4. yo/mandar 5. Ud./mejorar 6. ellos/aumentar 7. ella/bailar 8.
yo/preguntar 9. nosotros/postergar 10. yo/quitar 11. ella y yo/bailar 12. yo/llorar 13. usted/llegar 14. nosotros/llenar 15. ellos/llevar 16. ustedes/llamar 17. tú y yo/mirar 18. vosotros/postergar 19. ellas/borrar 20.
vosotros/determinar II. Adapt the following sentences to your English translations. 1. It is increasing. a. Postergo. 2. I postpone. b. Mejoran.
3. We rent. c. Empleas. 4. Employ you (tú). d. Aumenta. 5. They are improving. e.
Alquilamos. III. Translate the following English sentences into Spanish. You don`t need to include the subject pronoun in your answer – just specify the correct verb form. 1. You order. 2. You rent. 3. I ask you. 4. We employ.
5. You rent (tú). 6. She listens. 7. We transport. 8. They dance. 9.
You and I sing. 10. They evaluate. 11. We are working. 12. It examines. 13. I rent. 14. We produce.
15. You (tú) confirm. 16. Move them. 17. It evaluates. 18. She hates.
19. I am applying. 20. You (tú) cook. 4) If you specify only a list of possible options and the exact choice is indifferent, the verb can be singular or plural. Un perro o un gato terminará/teminarán comiendose eso. Un abogado o un ingeniero suele/suelen ganar mucho dinero. If we use “o A or B”, the singular is more common. A big thank you to everyone – and especially to Lazarus. I didn`t know that in Spanish “o” can be “this or both”.
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