What Was The Eu`s Role In The Paris Agreement Of 2015

On 30 September 2016, EU Council environment ministers endorsed the agreement at an extraordinary meeting in Brussels. (Press release, European Commission, Ministers approve EU ratification of Paris Agreement, EUROPA (30 September 2016).) The Council also had to obtain the consent of the European Parliament, which was given on 4 October. Subsequently, on the same day, the Council adopted its final decision on the signing of the agreement, which is the final step in concluding agreements at EU level. (Art. 218, ¶ 6 (a).) On 7 October 2016, the decision was filed with the Secretary-General of the United Communities. Ratification by the EU shall enter into force from the date of deposit of the decision. (Press release, Consilium, Climate change: Council adopts decision on EU ratification of Paris Agreement, EUROPA (Oct. 4, 2016).) Article 218 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union defines the procedure for negotiating and concluding agreements between the EU and third countries or international organisations. In particular, the Council of the EU, on a proposal from the European Commission as negotiator, must adopt a decision authorising the conclusion of an agreement on behalf of the EU. (Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), Art. 218, ¶ 6, 2016 (C 202) 47.) The Framework of the Paris Agreement contains detailed rules and guidelines for the implementation of the Global Agreement adopted in 2015, which covers all key areas, including transparency, financing, mitigation and adaptation. The Paris Agreement is a “mixed” agreement because it is subject to the environment, which falls within the competence of the EU and its Member States, and therefore must also be ratified individually by the EU Member States in accordance with their individual constitutional requirements. In cases where the EU has exclusive competence, only the EU has the power to negotiate and conclude an agreement.

(TFEU, Arts 3 and 4, on the division of competences.) So far, Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Malta, Portugal and Slovakia have deposited their instruments of ratification. (Paris Agreement – Status of Ratification, UNFCCC website (last visited October 11, 2016).) As a contribution to the objectives of the agreement, countries have submitted comprehensive national climate action plans (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs). .